GECKO published an analysis of cooperation models among public and private parties for new mobility solutions
The entrance of new mobility players challenges the way public authorities regiment the relationship with service providers; namely the traditional contractual framework. Contracts based on detailed specifications, coupled with competition can constitute a rigid framework that prevents public transport services to evolve as well. Therefore instruments such as a Memorandum of Understanding that evolve over time can be preferred. If chosen for a more formal relationship, then contracts are shown to be Software-as-a-Service, Management contracts, Concessions and Licences.
Case studies within the research show that there are opportunities for providers of new mobility solutions to collaborate with public authorities in ways that contribute to more integrated and efficient urban transport systems. Looking at transport innovations, some can be found where there is no cooperation determined for the service (passenger urban air mobility, drone last-mile delivery, hyperloop and crowdshipping), while some others rely strongly on cooperation between public and private parties (big data for mobility, MaaS, car-sharing, bike sharing and e-scooter sharing).
Solutions to facilitate cooperation between public and private parties could include: platforms that bring together public and private parties, living labs and neutrality commissions that can help break silos at a vertical level and at a horizontal level for public-private cooperation, providing legislation and regulation from public authorities and sharing anonymised data with the private sector for business development.
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